History

OVERVIEW

GENERAL HISTORY

SPECIFIC HISTORICAL ARTICLES

SCOTTISH ANNIVERSARY DATES

JANUARY:

2nd of January- Thomas Muir of Huntershill arrested for sedition in 1793.
7th of January- Glasgow University founded by a bull of Pope Nicolas V in 1451
8th of January- Nigel Tranter (author and historian) died in 2000
17th January- The Battle of Falkirk (Second Jacobite Rising) in 1746
19th of January- James Watt born in 1736
23rd of January- Earl of Moray, then Regent of Scotland, was assassinated and a Scottish Civil War erupted in 1570
25th of January- Birth of Robert Burns, 1759

FEBRUARY:

2nd of February- The Battle of Inverlochy in 1645.
4th of February- Sir Walter Scott supervises the rediscovery of the Honours of Scotland in 1818.
8th of February- Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1587.
13th of February- The Massacre of Glencoe in 1692.
20th of February- Orkney and Shetland annexed to the crown of Scotland in 1472.
21st of February- James 1 assassinated at Perth in 1437.
24th of February - Battle of Roslin in 1303.
28th of February- First signing of the National Covenant in 1638.

MARCH:

12th of March- Scottish 'Parliament' reconvened in 1999.
17th of March- Treaty of Edinburgh signed at Holyrood in 1328.
19th of March- Death of Alexander III in 1286.
25th of March- Robert the Bruce crowned King in 1306

APRIL:

2nd of April- The Rising Proclamation distributed in the west of Scotland in 1820.
5th of April- Battle of Bonnymuir in 1820.
6th of April- Declaration of Arbroath in 1320.
13th of April- Raising of the Jacobite Standard on Dundee Law by Graham of Claverhouse in 1689.
16th of April - The Battle of Inchbare in 1130.
16th of April- The Battle of Culloden in 1746.

MAY:

1st of May- The Act of Union in 1707.
8th of May- Battle of Loudon Hill in 1307.
13th of May- Battle of Langside in 1568.
20th of May- Battle of Dunnichen, Angus in 685

JUNE:

7th of June- King Robert the Bruce dies in 1329
10th of June- Battle of Glenshiel in 1719.
. 11th of June- Battle of Sauchieburn (death of James III) in 1488.
22nd of June- Battle of Bothwell Bridge in 1679.
24th of June- Battle of Bannockburn in 1314.

JULY:

2nd of July- Battle of Alford in 1645.
7th of July- Redeswyre Incident in 1575.
8th of July- Death of Alexander I I, Kerrera, in 1249.
11th of July- Birth, Robert the Bruce at Turnberry Castle, Ayr in 1274.
14th of July- Scottish National War Memorial opened in Edinburgh Castle , 1927.
19th of July- Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333.
22rd of July- (a) Battle of Falkirk in 1298. (b) Battle of Lochmaben in 1484.
23rd of July- Riot against the prayerbook in St. Giles Cathedral in 1637.
24th of July- Battle of Red Harlaw in 1411.
25th of July- Prince Charles Stewart lands at Moidart in 1745.
26th of July- Battle of Dalspindal in 1654.
27th of July- (a) Battle of Dunsinane in 1054. (b) Battle of Killiecrankie in 1689.
29th of July- James VI crowned in Church of the Holy Rude, Stirling.

AUGUST:

3rd August- (a) Sir William Wallace is betrayed at Robroyston, 1305
(b) James I I, blown up at Roxburgh, 1460.
(c) Carron Ironworks,Scotland's oldest company, is closed in 1982.
5th of August- Battle of Otterburn in 1388.
8th of August- Marriage of "The Thistle and the Rose" in 1503 at Holyrood, Edin.
10th of August- Coronation of James I I I at Kelso Abbey in 1460.
11th of August- First Day of Battle of Dupplin Moor. 1332.
12th of August- Second Day of Battle of Dupplin Moor. 1332.
13th of August- Coronation of Robert I I, at Scone, 1390.
15th of August- (a) Battle of Lumphanan in 1057. (b) Battle of Kilsyth in 1645.
19th of August- (a) Mary, Queen of Scots lands at Leith in 1561. (b) Raising of the
Standard at Glenfinnan in 1745.
21st of August- Battle of Dunkeld in 1689.
23rd of August- (a) Judicial murder of Sir William Wallace by the English in 1305.
(b) Battle of Haddon Rigg, near Kelso in 1542.

SEPTEMBER:

1st of September- (a) Battle of Tippermuir (Perth) in 1644. (b) Massacre of Dundee in 1651.
3rd of September- Battle of Dunbar in 1650.
6th of September- Standard of James V I I I, raised at Braemar in 1715.
9th of September- (a) Battle of Flodden in 1513. (b) Coronation of Mary, Queen of
Scots at Stirling in 1543.
10th of September- Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, Musselburgh, in 1547.
11th of September- Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297.
13th of September- (a) Battle & Sack of Aberdeen in 1644.
(b) Battle of Philiphaugh in 1645.
14th of September- Battle of Homildon Hill in 1402.
21st of September- (a) James V, crowned at Stirling Castle Chapel in 1513.
(b) Battle of Prestonpans in 1745.

OCTOBER:

2nd of October- Battle of Largs in 1263.
3rd of October- Battle of Glenlivet in 1594.
14th of October - Battle of Byland Moor in 1322.
23rd of October- (a) Auld Alliance concluded in 1295.
(b) Battle of River Sark in 1448.
28th of October- (a) Battle of Corrichie in 1562, (b) Battle of Fyvie in 1644.

NOVEMBER:

2nd of November- Darien fleet in Darien, First landing in Caledonia Bay in 1698. 8th of November- (a) Jacobites invade England, 1745. (b) Glasgow Riot against the Union with England, 1706.
9th of November- Glasgow Riots again against the Union with England, 1706.
12th of November- Battle of Mondynes, Mearns in 1094.
13th of November- (a) Battle of Alnwick in 1093. (b) Battle of Sheriffmuir in 1715.
14th of November- Battle of Preston, 1715.
22nd of November- Crofters march on Park Forest on Lewis in 1887.
24th of November- Battle of Solway Moss in 1542.
28th of November- Battle of Rullion Green in 1666.
30th of November- (a) John Balliol crowned at Scone in 1292.
(b) Battle of Kilblane and Relief of Kildrummy Castle in 1335.

DECEMBER:

4th of December- Death of William the Lion at Stirling in 1214.
9th of December- Death of Malcolm I V, at Jedburgh in 1165.
10th of December- William the Lion replaces the Boar with the Lion Rampant as symbol of Scotland in 1165
11th of December- Roslin Chapel attacked by Protestants in 1688.
14th of December- Death of James V, at Falkland, Fife, in 1542.
17th of December- William III declares himself "ill served in Scotland" before English parliament in 1695.
22nd of December- James V I I, lands at Peterhead in 1715.
25th of December- Battle of Annan in 1332.


MEMBERS OF LAST SCOTTISH PARLIAMENT 1707

ALL VOTED "FOR" UNION OF SCOTTISH & ENGLISH PARLIAMENTS
EDINBURGH 1706-1707

LORDS:

Earl of Seafield, Marquis of Montrose, Duke of Argyle, Marquis of Tweeddale, Marquis of Lothian, Earl of Mar, Earl of Loudon, Earl of Crawford, Earl of Sutherland, Earl of Rothes, Earl of Mortoun, Earl of Eglinton, Earl of Roxburgh, Earl of Haddington, Earl of Galloway, Earl of Wemyss, Earl of Dalhousie, Earl of Leven, Earl of Northesk, Earl of Balcarras, Earl of Forfar, Earl of Kilmarnock, Earl of Kintore, Earl of Dunmore, Earl of Marchmont, Earl of Hynford, Earl of Cromarty, Earl of Stair, Earl of Roseberry, Earl of Glasgow, Earl of Hopetoun, Earl of Delorain, Earl of Hay, Viscount Duplin, Viscount Garnock, Lord Forbes, Lord Elphinstoune, Lord Ross, Lord Torphichen, Lord Fraser, Lord Banff, Lord Elibank, Lord Duffus, Lord Rollo.

ALL VOTED "AGAINST" UNION

LORDS:

Duke of Hamilton, Duke of Athol, Marquis of Annandale, Earl of Errol, Earl of Marischal, Earl of Buchan, Earl of Glencairn, Earl of Wigton, Earl of Strathmore, Earl of Selkirk, Earl of Kincardine, Viscount Stermont, Viscount Kilsyth, Lord Semple, Lord Oliphant, Lord Balmarino, Lord Blantyre, Lord Barganey, Lord Belhaven, Lord Colvin, Lord Kinnaird.

ALL VOTED "FOR" UNION

BARONS:

Sir Robert Dickson of Inveresk, William Nisbet of Dirlton, John Cockburn jnr of Ormiston, Sir John Swinton of that ilk, Sir Alexander Campbell of Cessnock, Sir William Ker of Green Head, Archibald Douglas of Cavers, William Bennet of Grubbet, John Murray of Bowhill, John Pringle of Haining, William Morrison of Preston Grange, George Baillie of Jervis Wood, Sir John Johnston of Wester Hall, William Douglas of Dornock, William Stewart of Castle Stewart, John Stewart of Sorbie, Francis Montgomery of Giffan, John Montgomery of Wree, Sir Robert Pollock of that ilk, William Dalrymple of Glen Muir, John Hadden of Glen Agies, Mungo Graham of Gorthy, Sir Thomas Burnet of Leyes, William Seton jnr of Pitmeddon, Alexander Grant jnr of that ilk, Sir Kenneth MacKenzie, Angus MacLeod of Cathol, John Campbell of Mammore, Sir James Cambell of Auchinbreck, James Campbell jnr of Arkinglas, Sir William Anstruther of that ilk, James Halyburton of Pitcur, Alexander Abercrombie of Glasgow, William Maxwell of Cardross, James Dunbar jnr of Hemprigs, John Bruce of Kinross, Robert Stewart of Tillycoultry.

ALL VOTED "AGAINST" UNION
BARONS:

George Lockhart of Carnwath, John Brisbane of Bishopton, Sir James Foulis of Collington, William Cochrane of Kilmarnock, Andrew Fletcher of Saltoun, Sir Humphrey Colquhoun of Luss, Sir Robert Sinclair of Longformacus, Sir John Houston of that ilk, Sir Patrick Home of Renton, John Grahame of Killaney, Sir Gilbert Elliot of Minto, James Graham of Buchlyvie, William Baillie of Lamington, Thomas Sharp of Houston, John Sinclair jnr of Stevenson, Sir Patrick Murray of Auchtertyre, John Sharp of Hoddam, John Murray of Strowan, Alexander Ferguson of Isle, Sir David Ramsey of Balmain, Alexander Gordon of Pitlurg, James More of Stoniewood, John Forbes of Culloden, David Bethune of Balfour, Thomas Hope of Rankieller, Patrick Lyon of Auchterhouse, James Carnagie of Phinhaven, David Graham, Younger of Fintry, James Ogilvie of Boyne, Sir Henry Innes jnr of that ilk, Alexander Mackgie of Dalgown, George MacKenzie of Inchcoulter, Alexander Douglas of Eagleshaw.

ALL VOTE "FOR" THE UNION

BURGESSES:

Sir Patrick Johnstoun, John Serymhowe, Coll. Areskin, John Muir, James Scott, Patrick Bruce, Sir James Smollet, William Carmichael, Daniel MacLeod, John Ross, Sir David Dalrymple, Patrick Ogilvie, William Alvis, John Urquhart, James Spittle, Daniel Campbell, Robert Douglas, George Dalrymple, Sir John Areskin, Patrick Moncrieffe, George Munro, Sir Andrew Home, William Coltran, Sir Peter Halket, Sir Alexander Ogilvie, John Clerk, Sir Hugh Dalrymple, George Allardyce, Roderick MacKenzie, Sir James Stewart, Sir Robert Forbes, Alexander Maitland, Charles Campbell.

ALL VOTED "AGAINST" THE UNION

BURGESSES:

Robert Inglis, Alexander Duff, John Lyon, Alexander Robertson, Francis Mollison, George Spence, John Black, Walter Scott, Sir David Cunningham, Walter Stweart, Robert Kellie, William Johnston, Alexander Watson, John Hutchinson, John Carruthers, Hugh Montgomery, Walter Sutherland, George Home, Alexander Edgar, Douglas Stewart, Robert Frazer, James Oswald, Archibald Shiels, John Bayne, Robert Johnston, George Brodie, James Bethun.



SCOTTISH QUISLINGS WHO SOLD SCOTLAND AND ITS PEOPLE
FOR ENGLISH GOLD

Earl of Marchmont: received £1,104. -17s-7d. In 2006, this was worth £153,957
Earl of Cromarty: received £300. In 2006, this was worth £41,798
Lord Preston Hall: received £200. In 2006, this was worth £27,865
Lord Ormiston: received £200. In 2006, this was worth £27,865
Duke of Montrose: received £200. In 2006, this was worth £27,865
Duke of Athol: received £1000. In 2006, this was worth £139,328
Earl of Balcarres: received £500. In 2006, this was worth £69,664
Earl of Dunmoor: received £200. In 2006, this was worth £27,865
Lord Anstruther: received £300. In 2006, this was worth £41,798
Mr. Stewart of Castle Stewart: received £300. In 2006, this was worth £41,798
Earl of Eglington: received £200. In 2006, this was worth £27,865
Lord Fraser: received £100. In 2006, this was worth £13,932
Lord Cesnock, now Polwarth: received £50. In 2006, this was worth £6,966
Mr. John Campbell: received £200. In 2006, this was worth £27,865
Earl of Forfar: received £100. In 2006, this was worth £13,932
Sir Kenneth MacKenzie: received £100. In 2006, this was worth £13,932
Earl of Glencairn: received £100. In 2006, this was worth £13,932
Earl of Kintore: received £200. In 2006, this was worth £27,865
Earl of Findlator: received £100. In 2006, this was worth £13,932
Lord Forbes: received £50. In 2006, this was worth £6,966
John Muir, Provost of Ayr: received £100. In 2006, this was worth £13,932
Earl of Seafield, Lord Chancellor: £490. In 2006, this was worth £68,266
Marquis of Tweedale: received £1000. In 2006, this was worth £139,328
Duke of Roxburgh: received £500. In 2006, this was worth £69,664
Lord Elibank: received £50. In 2006, this was worth £6,966
Lord Banff: received £11-2/-. In 2006, this was worth £1,550
Major Cunningham of Eckatt: received £100. In 2006, this was worth £13,932
The Messenger who brought the Treaty of Union: received £60. In 2006, this was worth £8,360
Sir William Sharp: received £300. In 2006, this was worth £41,798
Patrick Coultrain, Provost of Wigton: received £25. In 2006, this was worth £3,483
Mr. Alexander Wedderburn: received £75. In 2006, this was worth £10,450
The Commisioner for Equippage & Daily Allowance (Duke of Queensberry): received £12,325. In 2006, this was worth £1,717,220
Stated by THE EARL OF GLASGOW, on oath, and by DAVID NAIRNE, Secretary Depute for Scotland. ( THE PRICE OF SCOTLAND'S FREEDOM )


PARCEL O' ROGUES

Fareweel to a' our Scottish fame,
Fareweel to ancient glory,
Fareweel evan tae the Scottish name
Sae famed in martial story !
Now Sark rins o'er the Solway sands
And Tweed rins tae the ocean,
To mark where England's province stands
Such a parcel of rogues in a nation.


What force or guile could not subdue,
Thro' mony warlike ages,
Is wrought now by a coward few
For hireling traitor wages;
The English steel we could distain
Secure in valours station,
But English gold has been our bane,
Such a parcel of rogues in a nation.

Oh, would ere I had seen the day
That treason thus could sell us,
My auld gray head had lien in clay
Wi' Bruce and loyal Wallace,
But pith and power to my last hour
I'll mak' this declaration -
We're bought and sold for English gold,
Such a parcel of rogues in a nation.


Robert Burns.


"This is not the end, the Scottish Parliament shall rise again"

Fletcher of Saltoun.


"The first step to Independence, nothing will prevent us now, it better not ! "

Siol nan Gaidheal

"The past belongs to those who shaped it, The future is ours to make.."




SOVEREIGNS OF SCOTLAND

KENNETH. 1 c 843-58
DONALD. 1 858-62
CONSTANTINE. 1 862-77
AED877-8
GIRIC
EOCHAID878-89
DONALD. 11889-900
CONSTANTINE. 11900-943
MALCOLM. 1943-54
INDULF954-62
DUBH962-66
CULEN966-71
KENNETH. 11971-95
CONSTANTINE. 111 995 - 996
KENNETH. 111
GIRIC?997-1005
MALCOLM. 111005-34
DUNCAN. 11034-40
MACBETH1040-57
LULACH1057-58
MALCOLM. 1111058-93
DONALD. 1111093-94
DUNCAN. 111094
DONALD. 111 (restored)1094-97
EDGAR1097-1107
ALEXANDER. 11107-24
DAVID. 11124-53
MALCOLM. 1V1153-65
WILLIAM. 11165-1214
ALEXANDER. 111214-49
ALEXANDER. 1111249-86
MARGARET1286-90

INTERREGNUM..
JOHN1292-96

INTERREGNUM..
ROBERT. 11306-29
DAVID. 111329-71
ROBERT. 111371-90
ROBERT. 1111390-1406
JAMES. 11406-37
JAMES. 111437-60
JAMES. 1111460-88
JAMES. 1V1488-1513
JAMES. V1513-42
MARY. 11542-67
JAMES. V11567-1625
CHARLES. 11625-49
CHARLES. 111649-85 (exiled 1651-60)
JAMES. V111685-89
WILLIAM. 111689-1702
MARY. 111689-94
ANNE1702-07


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