Siol nan Gaidheal

Quest for Scotland

Scotland is the sacred homeland of the Scottish People who reside both in Scotland and abroad. The History and Heritage of the Scots is unbroken and goes far back in time to the first days of our arrival in Scotland and indeed beyond to the ancestral Gaelic era of Iron Age Ireland. It is also in part the story of the related Celtic peoples who lived in this country prior to our coming.

It is the honour and duty of Siol nan Gaidheal to research into the whole experience of Scotland's past in order to understand the present and shape the future of this our sacred homeland.

Too long have the Scottish People been deliberately deprived of the knowledge of their own past in a calculated attempt to destroy the memory of Scotland's Identity and Culture.

Siol nan Gaidheal is dedicated to exposing the agents of oblivion, distortion and selective emphasis both in the past and the present, and to help the Scots rediscover their true Scottish Identity.

To this end Siol nan Gaidheal has set itself the task of also seeking out the deliberately hidden or occulted Scotland so as to bring forth a more lucid and informed appreciation of our historical ethnicity, auguring perhaps what might justifiably be called the dawn of a new Celtic age.

Siol nan Gaidheal therefore calls on all the friends of Scotland to join us to create a great national archive of Celtic and Scottish History.

Help us by joining in a world-wide discussion and debate.

Here are some of the areas of Scotland's legends and history we are interested in. Please feel free to add to this list:

1) "Scotland" and legendary/mythic associations with the Mediterranean world (Ultima Thule etc.)

2) NEOLITHIC "SCOTLAND" - Standing Stones, Circles and Henges. Chambered Cairns, Collective Tombs, Megalithic Culture, Moon & Sun Temples, Callanish, related sites such as Stonehenge, Avebury, Carnac etc., Cup & Ring markings, Astronomic Observatories.

3) BRONZE-AGE "SCOTLAND" - Copper, Tin and Bronze decorations and swords, Earth Mounds & Cairns, Tumulus, long & round Barrows.

4) IRON-AGE CELTIC "SCOTLAND" - Iron & steel swords, shields, Druids, Bards & Oviates, Hilltop vitrified forts, crannogs, dry-stane brochs, Hallstatt, La Tène.

5) ROMAN "SCOTLAND" - Caledonia, Agricola, Calgacus, Battle of Mons Graupius, Inchtuthill, Ninth Legion, Hadrian's Wall, Antonine Wall, Septimorus Severus & Roman Roads.

6) PICTISH CALEDONII - Pentland Hills, Pentland Firth, Dunkeld, Fife, Wheelhouses, Quern, Pictish Tattoos, Female-Line Descent, Engraved Symbol Stones, Pictish King List, Matrilinear Succession, Object, Abstract and Geometric Symbols. The Pictish "Golden Age". Cruithni, People of the Designs, Fortriu, Fortrenn, Priteni, Battle of Dunnichen.

7) THE SCOTS - Irish Hiberno-Scottish Celts, Dal Riata, Argyll, Dalriada, Fergus Mor Dunsererick, County Antrim, Dunadd, Lochgilphead, St. Columba, Iona, Celtic Church, St. Brendan's Voyages, Cú Chulainn, Tain Bó Cualgne, Connor MacNessa, Red Branch Knights, Queen Maeve, Deirdre.

8) BRITISH OR WELSH "SCOTLAND" - Coel Hen, Old King Cole, Vortigern, Ambrosius Aurelianus, Gilds, King Arthur, Battle of Badon, Mordred, Battle of Camlann, St. Ninnian, Whithorn Candida Casa, Strathclyde, St. Patrick, St. Self, St. Kentigern or Mungo, The Old North, Aeron, Rheged, Urien, Llywarch Hen, Owain Taliesin, Merlin, Battle of Arddreyd, The Gododdin.

9) THE NORTHUMBRIANS AND SCOTLAND - Battle of Degstan, King Ida, Din Guardi, Bamburgh, Bernicia, King Oswald, St. Aidan, Lindisfarne, Synod of Whitby, Bishop Colman, Defeat at Battle of "Nechtansmere", King Egfrith, Runic Script, Lindisfarne Gospels, Athelstane. Origin of the Saltire flag, Vikings sack of Lindisfarne, destroy Northumbria, Danish Settlement, Jorvik (York) Norse Kingdom.

10) ALBA - Union of Picts and Scots, Kenneth Mac Alpine, Viking Raids, Orkneyinga Saga, High Kings of Alba, Celtic Tanistry System, Scone, Stone of Destiny, (Lia Fàil/Oracle Stone of Tara) Re-conquest of Edinburgh, Battle of Carham, Re-conquest of Lothian & Borders, Union with Strathclyde and Cumbria, King Duncan, King MacBeth, Ard Righ High King of Alba.

11) MEDIEVAL SCOTLAND - Malcolm Canmore, Norman Conquest of Anglo-Saxon England, Queen Margaret, Donald Ban, First Crusade, Anglo-Norman Families and Feudalism, Balliol, Bruce, Marville, Soules, Somerville, Lindsay, Sinclairs, Stewarts, Knights Templar, David the First, Battle of the Standard, Scottish Control of Northumberland, Cumberland & West Morland, Loss of English Counties, William the Lion, Treaty of Palaise, Quitclaim of Canterbury, Treaty of York, Solway/Tweed Borderline, Battle of Largs/Defeat of Viking Norwegians, Treaty of Perth, Western Isles & Isle of Man gained for Scotland, Death of Alexander the Third, Michael Scott, the Magician.

12) SCOTLAND & THE WARS of INDEPENDENCE - Maid of Norway, Rule by the Guardians-Robert Bruce the Competitor, Comyns and Balliols, Treaty of Birgham, Judgement of Norham, King John Balliol, Oath of Homage to Edward First of England, Auld Alliance between Scotland & France, Sack of Berwick, Balliol Surrenders, "Stone of Destiny" stolen, William Wallace, Battle of Stirling Bridge, Battle of Falkirk, Wallace's Guerrilla Warfare, Capture & Execution of Wallace, Bruce kills Red Comyn, Bruce raises the Royal Standard in Dumfries, Bruce crowned King, Bruce excommunicated by Rome, Battle of Methven, Battle of Glentrool, Battle of Louden Hill, Death of Edward the First of England, Bruce defeats Comyn/Balliol Faction, Suppression of Knights Templars & arrival in Scotland, Battle of Pass of Brander, Guerrilla Warfare and Occupation of English-held Castles, Battle of Bannockburn & Knights Templar Assistance, Edward Bruce Campaigns in Ireland, Declaration of Arbroath, Treaty of Edinburgh, Treaty of Northampton, Scotland Independent, Death of King Robert the Bruce, Bruce free of Excommunication and Recognised as Independent King by Pope John, Death of Good Sir James Douglas on Crusade, Bruce's Heart placed in Melrose Abbey, King David the Second, Battle of Duppin Moor, English crown King Edward Balliol, Scottish Borders annexed to England, Battle of Annan, Scottish Defeat at Battle of Halidon Hill, Battle of Culblean, King Balliol defeated, Hundred Year War between England and France begins, Edward Balliol leaves Scotland, Scottish defeat at Battle of Nevelles Cross, David the Second captured by the English, Treaty of Berwick, David the Second ransomed back to Scotland, Black Death, Death of David the Second, Sinclair Voyage to America.

13) STEWART AND RENAISSANCE SCOTLAND - Robert the Second first Stewart King of Scotland, Battle of Otterburn, Wolf of Badenoch and Highland Clan Violence, Robert the Third second Stewart King, Battle of Clans, North Inch, Perth, Battle of Hamildon Hill, James the First captured by English, Highland Invasion halted at Battle of Harlaw, St. Andrew's University established, Treaty of London, James the First returns to Scotland & makes many enemies and is murdered, James the Second king, Black Douglas suppressed, James the Second dies by exploding cannon at Roxburgh, Scotland annexes Orkney & Shetlands from Norway, James the Third murdered, James the Fourth king, Renaissance Era in Scotland, Rosslyn Chapel, Knights Templar & beginning of Freemasonry, First Printing presses, Publishing of Scottish Makars, Henryson, Dunbar, Douglas, The Wallace by Blind Harry, John Damian-Alchemist, Flying Abbot of Tongland, MacDonald Lord of the Isles suppressed, Naval Fleet, Flagship Great Michael, Battle of Flodden, James the Fifth becomes King and marries Mary of Guise, Sir David Lyndsay's play "Ane Satire of The Thr1e Estait".

14) REFORMATION SCOTLAND - Martin Luther, Patrick Hamilton, Battle of Solway Moss, Death of James the Fifth, Mary, Queen of Scots, Treaty of Greenwich, Cardinal Beaton, "The Rough Wooing", George Wishart, St. Andrews Castilians, Battle of Pinkie, Treaty of Boulogne, Mary of Guise regent, John Hamilton, John Calvin, John Knox, Lords of Congregation, Mary, Queen of Scots marries François, Dauphin of France, French/Scottish Union, François dies, Beggars Summons, John Knox arrives in Scotland, Mob sack Scone and St. Andrews Abbeys, Mary of Guise dies, Treaty of Edinburgh, French troops leave Scotland, Scottish Parliament declares Reformation of Scottish Church, Scots Confession Book of Discipline, Mary, Queen of Scots marries Lord Darnley, James the Sixth born, Darnley blown-up, Mary marries Bothwell, surrenders then escapes from Loch Leven Castle, Mary, Queen of Scots defeated at Battle of Langside but escapes to England where eventually executed by Elizabeth, Andrew Melville & Second Book of Discipline, General Assembly and Presbyterian Church, Reform of Scottish Educational System, James the Sixth re-asserts Authority of Protestant Episcopal Church Government, Ruthven Raid, Suppression of Witches, Gowrie Conspiracy, Death of Elizabeth the First of England, Union of the Crowns.

14) SCOTLAND UNDER THE UNION OF THE CROWNS - End of "Scots" language in government and liturgical documents and Cultural influence of separate Scottish Court, Episcopalian Church forms, Five Articles, Death of James the Sixth, Revocation of Church Lands, Introduction of English Common Book of Prayer into Scotland, Jenny Geddes & St. Giles riot, National Covenant, David Leslie and Covenanter Army invade England and occupy Newcastle, Treaty of Ripon, English Civil War, Presbyterian Westminster Confession of Faith, Montrose campaigns in Highlands, Charles the First surrenders to Scots Army in England, Civil War in Scotland between Royalist Engagers and Kirk Party, Cromwell beats Engagers at Battle of Preston, Charles the First executed by English Republican Commonwealth, Scots crown Charles the second, King of Scots-A Covenanted King at Scone, Scots invade England-defeated at Battle of Dunbar by Cromwell, Cromwellian Union with England, General Monke of Cromwellian Forces of Occupation in Scotland marches back to England to rescue Charles the Second to Throne of Great Britain, Restoration of Episcopacy in Scotland, Beginning of Presbyterian Resistance, Armed Conventicles, Battle of Rullion Green, Covenanters beaten by General Tam Dalyell, Archbishop James Sharp murdered, Battle of Drumclog, Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse, Duke of Monmouth defeats Covenanters at Bothwell Bridge, The Killing Times, King Charles the Second dies, King James the Seventh, Rebellion by Monmouth & Argyll crushed, James Declaration of Indulgence and Religious Toleration, Last Covenanter martyr James Renwick executed, James the Seventh has a son, A future James the Eighth, William of Orange invited into England by English Whig Aristocracy, English declare William and Mary, King & Queen.

15) SCOTLAND'S LAST INDEPENDENT PARLIAMENT - Convention of Three Estates offer throne to William & Mary, Claim of Right, Presbyterianism restored, Committee of Articles controlling Scottish Parliament abolished, First Jacobite Rising under John Graham of Claverhouse (Viscount Dundee), Dundee wins Battle of Killiecrankie but shot dead, Battle of Dunkeld, Cameronians defeat Jacobites, Massacre of Glencoe, Bank of Scotland Founded, Scottish African and India Company founded, Darien Disaster, Spanish capture Scotland's first colony in Panama, English Act of Settlement securing Hanovarian succession, Act of Security of Scots Parliament, Scotland to choose own Monarch, Alien Act by English Parliament threatens to treat Scots as Enemy Aliens, Scots back down, negotiations opened for Treaty of Union, Alien Act Repealed by English, Treaty of Parliamentary Union between Scotland & England ratified by Scottish & English Parliaments.



20th & 21st CENTURY SCOTLAND - The successful struggle of the Scots to regain our own Parliament and eventually our Independence is covered in a separate article - Siol nan Gaidheal: The History of our Movement. Please check out this article and contribute to the discussion of Scotland's future. We look forward to hearing from you.

Return to Culture Return to Index

On-Line Copyright © Siol nan Gaidheal 1995 - 2020, All Rights Reserved